Since the 80s, the business dynamics were modified, establishing, in this case, in a developing region, essential companies in the automotive and clothing sector. As a result of the Value Chain fragmentation some companies settled, losing performance, and letting local and micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) disappear. This research aims to analyze how the MSMEs Value Chain is managed. Also, to determine the impact of the Value Chain administration for the MSMEs Competitiveness in a developing country. To this end, a cross-sectional, and quantitative research was carried out, a survey (148 MSMEs) designed in such a way that it considers in the first place the Value Chain (CV) factor, which in turn is formed by the dimensions of Production Systems (SP), evaluated by eighteen questions aimed at analyzing the level of automation in these businesses. In addition, the Logistics of the Company (LE) factor was evaluated by thirty-eight questions that analyze the state of supply purchases, supply warehouse, disposition of materials to production and distribution to customers. Whereas the Competitiveness (CO) factor was measured by four questions with a 5 points Likert scale. As a result, a positive and significant correlation of the Value Chain on Competitiveness in MSMEs in the central region of Mexico, was obtained. First, however, it is discussed how the Value Chain in MSMEs is at a basic development of operation and with little application of technology and systems.
Keywords: Value Chain, Production Systems, Logistics, Automation, Competitiveness.