Year 2023 , Volume 12, Issue 2, Part 1 Year 2023 , Volume  12, Issue 2, Part 1
1The Role of Human Resource Management Practices on Employees' Organization Commitment In Banking Sector Abbottabad
QURATULAIN HAROON TURK, MUHAMMAD ATIQUE RAFIQUE KHATTAK and MOHAMMAD DAUD ALI
Pages: 1-17
Details (110)
This field study examined how human resource management strategies affecting employees' organizational commitment in the banking sector of Abbottabad. Data was gathered through questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS 19 version. Descriptive and inferential statistics, including correlation, ANOVA, multiple regression, Cronbach's Alpha, and testing the study hypotheses were used to analyze the data. The researcher concluded that managers must manage the reward system to improve employee satisfaction and retention, implement appropriate skills and programs, develop fair and balanced performance management systems with a feedback system, and institute a clear organizational communication and social strategy to improve interpersonal interaction and relationships between senior and junior employees. Human resource management practices have a significant influence on the elements of employees organizational. 
Keywords: Human Resource Management Practices, Employees Satisfaction, Reward System, Organization Culture, Training and Development, Job Security, Performance Appraisal, Employees Organization Commitment, Abbottabad Banks.
2Organizational Identification and Unethical Pro-organizational Citizenship Behavior
MUHAMMAD TUFAIL and RANI GUL
Pages: 18-23
Details (102)
Organizational identification is a key factor in shaping employee attitudes and behaviors towards their workplace. While a strong sense of organizational identification can lead to positive outcomes. The current investigates the impact of organizational idenfification on unethical pro-organizational citizenship behavior is service sector organization. Primary data was collected from 298 employees working in various service sector organizations. Results of the study indicated that there is positive relationship between the study variables. It is crucial for organizations to recognize the potential for organizational identification to drive unethical behavior and to promote ethical standards and values within the workplace.
Keywords: OI, UPOB, Service Sector.
3A Qualitative Study on Factors Influencing Supervisory Support: An Employees Perspective
SAAD BASAAD and ABDULRAHMAN S. BASAHAL
Pages: 24-39
Details (105)
This descriptive qualitative study aims to investigate what factors are associated with a supportive supervisor, from the perspective of an employee. The study is based on the premise that a qualitative investigation of the various factors that influence supervisor support can offer a novel and comprehensive perspective on the topic. This study utilized a qualitative design. Data were collected by means of 20 audiorecorded, semi-structured, face-to-face, in-depth interviews with Saudi employees from various business backgrounds. Transcribed interview data were thematically analyzed. Seven themes were developed: professional development opportunities, emotional and family support, regular communication and feedback, team support, recognition, guidance and direction, trust and autonomy. Each theme represents a quality that employees feel a supportive leader should possess. The findings add to the literature on organizational support and can help HR to design training and development sessions for supervisors to improve organizational support and effectiveness.
Keywords: Supervisory Support, Employee Support, Employee-Management Relations, HRD, HRM, and Performance.
4Households Preferences for Dried Fruit And Nuts Consumption and their Willingness to Pay for Improved Quality of Local Products
FATMA SHAH, SYED ATTAULLAH SHAH and JAHANGIR KHAN
Pages: 40-50
Details (98)
This research work examined households’ preferences for dried fruit and nuts consumption and their willingness to pay for improved quality of local products. A random sample of 200 households from urban and rural areas of Peshawar and Mardan were interviewed face to face for data collection. In the survey households’ preferences for dried fruit and nuts were examined using 5-point Likert scale and their willingness to pay for improved quality produced was measured using open ended questionnaire. Results showed that on average, households are consuming considerable number of peanuts, almonds, raisins, walnuts, pistachio and cashew. They have strong preferences for dried fruit and nuts consumption in winter season and they were aware of its dietary importance for a normal human growth. On average the probability of households to pay for improved version of the local dried fruit and nuts were 0.9 (90 percent) and they were willing to pay a price premium of 37percent for the improved quality version. Regression analysis shows that head’s education, job status, households’ perception of the importance of dried fruit for human health and monthly income of the respondents are important determinants of households’ WTP for dried fruit and nuts. As households were willing to pay considerable amount for improved quality version, the study recommends producers and processor to take necessary actions towards quality improvement of their produce. Awareness and introduction of oven drying techniques at subsidized rates can improve our products quality and their large-scale production.
Keywords: Dried Fruit and Nuts, Willingness to Pay, Contingent Valuation Method, Price Premium, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

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