The present study was conducted to examine the effect of talent management practices on Employee Innovative Work Behavior in project-based organizations. The study also examined the moderating effect of Transformational Leadership between talent management practices and Employee Innovative Work Behavior. The data was collected from project-based organizations like software houses, construction companies, and NGOs in Peshawar city. The convenience sampling technique was used to gather the data. For this purpose, a total of 220 questionnaires were distributed, and 201responses were recorded. The Preacher and Hayes process macro was adopted to check the moderating effect. The results of the study suggest that Transformational leadership strongly moderates the relationship between talent management practices and employee innovative work behavior. This research has a significant contribution to the project management domain. The study has some limitations and as the cross-sectional method was used for data collection. Future research directions were also suggested like, different sectors such as manufacturing firms, the health sector, the educations sector, the banking sector, and the telecommunication sector, etc can also be the target for generalization of results.
Keywords: Talent Management Practice (TMP), Employee Innovative Work Behaviour (EIWB), Transformational Leadership (TL).