Year 2018 , Volume  7, Issue 1, Part 1
1Ethics in Publications: National Researchers Experiences of Social Sciences Field in Mexico.
PETRA SALAZAR-FIERRO and JESUS RODARTE-DAVILA
Pages: 1-10
Details (338)
Ethics guides individuals to perform good or bad actions that allow solve their problems and a bad or good ethical behavior adopted has an effect for the rest of their lives and in scientific research field ethics plays a very important role. In this work we show 24 researchers’ experiences of social sciences field and belonging to The National System of Researchers (NSR) in Mexico, about ethics in publications, specifically unacceptable and questionable ethical behavior, ethical behavior in papers evaluation by editors and conflict of interests. Data were gathered throughout a semi-structured interview and the information analysis was to read and analyze each respondents’ answer to identify the developed behavior. Researchers mentioned have known 34 experiences, 27 about ethical lacks in papers evaluation by editors or arbiters and 17 related with conflict of interests and they recognize to know ethical principles and they think it must survive in all scientific work, so they are agree apply it in their scientific and academic production, however some of them coincided in their responses regard unacceptable or questionable plagiarism behavior, which has been present in some cases and they have known situations of favoritism in proofreading to some authors or institutions, or soften project results of institutions to justify profits without obtaining efficient results and it constitutes a conflict between researchers. Keywords: Ethics, Research, Publications, Researchers, Social Sciences.
2Influence of Leadership Behavior and Compensation Management on Job Satisfaction: Evidence from Taiwan
JIA-YANG LIN, TSENG-CHUNG TANG and LI-CHIU CHI
Pages: 11-22
Details (331)
This study aims to explore the influence of leadership behavior and compensation management on job satisfaction. This study suggested that there was a significant positive correlation between leadership behavior and compensation management. In addition to leadership behavior, providing rewards for employees appropriately will improve their productivity and competitiveness. There was a significant positive correlation between compensation management and job satisfaction. Providing and fulfilling the standards for compensation management will improve job satisfaction and efficiency of employees. There was a significant positive correlation between leadership behavior and job satisfaction as well. When leaders have a good relationship with employees, employees will get more support and attention, leading to the increase in their job satisfaction. Last, according to the research results, leadership behavior and compensation management can be used to predict job satisfaction since it is heavily influenced by the two. In other words, leadership behavior and a sound compensation management system can significantly and positively measure job satisfaction and further predict the employment and retention of employees. Keywords: Leadership Behavior, Compensation Management, Job Satisfaction.
3Scheduling in A Single-Stage, Multi-Item Compatible Process Using Multiple ARC Network Model and Excel Solver
IBRAHIM ABDULLAH ALJASSER and BOKKASAM SASIDHAR
Pages: 23-31
Details (313)
In the present competitive business environment, a more customer driven approach to production scheduling is required. The criteria considered for production scheduling objectives are generally derived from some desired production performance factors of a manufacturing system. Generally, the customers’ orders are categorized as either normal or prioritized based on the delivery requirements. The production is planned against customers’ orders, keeping in mind the customers’ priorities. The problem of scheduling a given set of machines in a single-stage, multi-item compatible environment, with the objective of maximizing capacity utilization has been formulated (Bokkasam, 2016) as a maximal flow problem in a Multiple Arc Network (MAN). The model provides optimal production schedule with an objective of maximizing capacity utilization, so that the customer-wise delivery schedules are fulfilled, keeping in view the priorities of the customers. The results of a working implementation of the MAN model using excel solver are presented in this paper. The same has been validated with results obtained using two examples. In future the managers will be able to use the worksheet for obtaining the results immediately, for scaled-up scenarios. Keywords: Scheduling, Maximal Flow Problem, Multiple Arc Network Model, Optimization, Excel Solver.
4The Impact of Education on Economic Growth in Jordan during (1960-2016)
MALIK QASIM KHASAWNEH
Pages: 32-40
Details (300)
This study examines the relationship between economic growth and education in Jordan using the vector error correction model (VECM) and other necessary tests during the period 1960-2016. The variables that data used are GDP per capita, gross enrollment rate, government expenditures on education, literacy rate, life expectation, fertility rate, inflation, and openness ratio. Our findings indicate that There is a negative relationship between economic growth and gross enrollment rate (GER), and there is a negative relationship between economic growth and fertility rate (FR). On the other hand, the study finds that there is a positive relationship between economic growth and government expenditures on education (EDX), literacy rate (LR), life expectancy (LE), inflation (IN) and openness ratio (OR). Keywords: Education, Economic Growth, Government Expenditures on Education, Unit Root Tests, Cointegration, Vector Error Correction Model (VECM).
5Correlates of Political Participation
JOHN WAYNE V. JACINTO
Pages: 41-53
Details (564)
The purpose of this study is to find out the factors related to the political participation of teaching and non-teaching staff of Jose Rizal Memorial State University-Main Campus, Dapitan City. This study employed the descriptive-correlational method of research through a survey questionnaire administered among the 32 randomly selected respondents. The correlates of political participation explored were the profile of the respondents, political trust, political interest, political efficacy, media usage and social networking site use. The study found out that the respondents often have political trust in the selected government institutions, generally somewhat interested in politics, agree to have political efficacy, and disagree to have political participation. In terms of media usage, they sometimes used them and rarely used social networking sites. In the context of this study, political participation is a choice and it is not selective of age, occupation, income, civil status, and location of residence. Regardless of one’s demographic profile, participation in politics is so common especially in this democratic country where almost everyone has a say and entitled to express his/her wanted reforms as long as within the ambit of his/her rights. Being politically trustful and interested have moderate tendency of dictating one’s political participation. Political efficacy can go with the extent of political participation. Likewise, exposure to SNS for obtaining politically-based information can drive along with political participation. Keywords: Political Participation, Academe, Social Networking Sites, Politics.
6Incentives to Promote Financial Performance of the Organization: Case Study of Companies Accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange
MOHAMMAD POSTI, YADOLAH RAJAYEE, NABI ALAH MOHAMMADI and KAMRAN YEGANEGI
Pages: 54-62
Details (273)
Managers in today's competitive world are facing a period that requires them to deploy a new economic framework in their companies; therefore, it is imperative to find the drivers that can be used to increase the firm's performance with a fairly reasonable confidence. Therefore, in this research, identifying the motivators promoting financial performance of the organization among the companies accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange has been discussed. Financial performance measurement indicators are also considered as the Tobin's Q ratio and net profit growth. The present research is an applied research that is descriptive-correlation based on the method. The statistical population of this research is composed of companies accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange between 2009 and 2015 . The statistical sample is also used to determine the appropriate criteria and systematic elimination method, including 85 companies. The main tools for collecting data in this study were using financial statements and using the new generation software. The data were analyzed using EVIEWS software. The econometric method is also based on the data nature, which is a combination of annual and cross-sectional data, a data panel model. The results of data analysis showed that the percentage of ownership of institutional investors, ownership concentration, company assets and board diversity influenced the growth of net profit of companies accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange, which has a more negative effect on the board's diversity. Also, the results showed that the concentration of ownership, liquidity, company assets and the proportion of non-executive members of the board of directors had a significant effect on the ratio of the companies' quotes in the Tehran Stock Exchange. The effect of the liquidity on this financial ratio was negative. The results of this study support all three theories of representation, resources and stakeholders. Keywords: Financial Performance, Ownership Concentration, Tobin's Q Ratio, Institutional Investors, Net Profit Growth, Diversity of Board of Directors.
7Spatial Analysis of Worn-Out Urban Texture in Zanjan City with Emphasis on Livability Approach
KARAMAT ALLAH ZIYARI, ALIREZA ANBARLOU, HEIDARI, MOHAMAD TAQI and KAMRAN YEGANEGI
Pages: 63-73
Details (290)
Achieving life viability is considered as one of the strategic goals of sustainable urban development that human beings have been constantly seeking for its quantitative and qualitative promotion during their lifetime. Therefore, it can be said that viability is both a goal and a means of sustainable development. In this regard, the aim of the present paper is to evaluate and measure the viability indicators at the level of the worn- out texture of Zanjan city. To this end, descriptive-analytical method and field survey have been used. Samples were selected using simple random and for the purpose of the study ,the sample size was 38. To analyze the collected data using SPSS software, one-sample T-test and independence spatial analysis (autocorrelation) (Moran analysis) were used. The findings show that the livability status in time-out texture of Zanjan city in terms of statistical population is desirable and acceptable. According to the results, the social index with the score (t = 29.655) has obtained the highest score. Moran analysis also suggests that the lack of livability concentration index unbalanced. the biomagulability index is not balanced. Translation error. In this regard, it can be said that the Debaghlar area with a coefficient of (Z score =1.578629) has the highest rank. After that, the Yeri Balla with a coefficient of (Z score= 1.41092) and Haghverdi with a coefficient of (Z score= 1.301319) are placed in the next ranks. Keywords: Independency Analysis, Worm-Out Texture, Livability, Zanjan City.
8The Impact of Reforming Saudi Arabias Energy Policy by Developing the Solar Residential Industry: A System Dynamics Approach
AMRO A. BANJER and ATSUSHI AOYAMA
Pages: 74-93
Details (299)
Saudi Arabia is highly dependent on oil for domestic energy consumption. This dependency costs the country its oil export supply. Remaining under this energy policy puts the country at risk of becoming an energy importer by 2038. Therefore, it is vital to find solutions to conserve energy, sustain new energy sources, and preserve most of the country’s oil for strategic market control and exporting purposes. The author uses system dynamics (SD) modeling to simulate six scenarios from 2018 to 2030: the Saudi 2030 Vision’s energy initiatives and the proposed policy, with a low, medium, and high oil price scenario for each simulation. The proposed policy will use a fixed capital of $2 billion to invest in developing the solar manufacturing industry to mass produce solar power systems solely for residential consumers throughout the simulation period. All proposed policy scenarios showed positive results; they tremendously increased gross domestic product (GDP), managed to save oil by eliminating oil consumption, increased employment, and decreased carbon dioxide emissions. Additionally, results showed the sensitivity of oil price to the country’s GDP; this is because of the high dependency on oil. Keywords: System Dynamics, Oil, Solar Energy, Residential Electricity, Saudi Arabia, 2030.