Year 2017 , Volume  6, Issue 1, Part 1
Modeling the Predictors of Career Development Learning and Work Integrated Learning towards Employability among the Graduates of Hospitality School in Malaysia
HASHIM FADZIL ARIFFIN, RAJA PUTERI SAADIAH RAJA ABDULLAH, NOR ASMALINA MOHD ANUAR and LOVELYNA BENEDICT JIPIU
Pages: 1-8
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This study investigates the structural relationships of career development learning and work integrated learning towards employability among hospitality graduates. Questionnaires that consist of career development learning, work integrated learning and graduates employability was administered to 425 hospitality graduates from University Teknologi MARA (UiTM). Findings showed that the significant relationships between career development learning, workplace experience and graduates’ employability upon graduation is confirmed in Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). It can be inferred from this that it is important for students to attain the career development learning and work integrated learning in order to be highly employable. Implications and suggestions for future research are also provided. Key Words: Employability, Career Development Learning, Work Integrated Learning, Structural Equation Modelling.
True Concept of CSR: Pakistan Context
SARAH WALI QAZI, SHUMAILA KASHIF and MONIR AHMED
Pages: 9-17
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Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is an emerging concept. Every organization is determined to achieve societal beliefs of social responsibility to maintain its business for the long term and achieve sustainability. In Pakistan there is minimal government endorsement for CSR; many companies are doing it voluntarily. Results indicate that most organizations do not have dedicated departments for CSR and more concerned about sustainable resources and positive contribution through philanthropy. Initiatives are same that practice around the world but local organizations are more focused on societal issues in the local framework. However, the prime focus of most of the organizations is not to create visibility rather they believe that CSR builds reputation and strengthen identity directly or indirectly. Overall driving value is through minimizing risk and giving back to the environment and society. Multinational companies are committed to practice socially responsible activities according to the standards their respective regional offices have set. But national firms are moving towards the true need and concept of CSR realizing the constantly changing obligations of organizations as well transformation of societal mentality. Key Words: CSR, Sustainability, Indigenous Practices, Societal Mentality.
Volkswagen Emissions Scandal: The Perils of Installing Illegal Software
PETER STANWICK and SARAH STANWICK
Pages: 18-24
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This paper presents a case study related to the negative impacts of Volkswagen installing illegal software in its automobiles in order to manipulate the emissions level of its diesel vehicles. The case addresses reasons why Volkswagen decided in install the illegal software and highlights the negative consequences of its actions. These negative consequences include significant financial and reputational costs to Volkswagen. Key Words: Volkswagen; Emission Levels, Environmental Standards, Corporate Reputation.
Planning of the Hierarchical Production in the Forestry Industrial Sector
GONZALEZ SANTOYO FEDERICO and FLORES ROMERO BEATRIZ
Pages: 25-32
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This chapter proposes a new and efficient heuristic algorithm to solve the problem of hierarchical production of limber in sawmills. The proposed solution is based on Mixed-Integer Linear Programming (MILP), using Benders’ decomposition and Lagrangean relaxation techniques The proposed methodology achieves a higher computational efficiency than the state of the art for the solution of this kind of problems. Key Words: Planning, Hierarchical, Production, Forestry, Industrial Sector.
How Neurosciences Effects on Decision Making and Leadership
HUMMAIRA QUDSIA YOUSAF and CHAUDHARY ABDUL REHMAN
Pages: 33-39
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Our aim in this article is to overview the linkage between the promising field of neuroscience with leadership and decision making theory and practice. We reviewed latest research on leadership which involves neuroscience applications and its effect on decision making and leadership. How neuroscience influence the leader's behavior and decision making. Finally we discussed the potential and limitation of neuroscience application. Key Words: Neuroscience, Leadership, Effect, Decision Making.
Academic Leadership and Organizational Commitment Among Faculty Members in Malaysian Public Universities
MUHAMMAD HASMI ABU HASSAN ASAARI and NASINA MAT DESA
Pages: 40-56
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The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between academic leadership and organizational commitment. The independent variable, academic leadership, is formed by visionary, adaptable to change, competency, effective leadership, transformational style and charisma while the dependent variable is organizational commitment. A total of 251 questionnaires were obtained from faculty members of public universities in Malaysia, which yielded a response rate of 41.8%. The results reveal that academic leadership, namely adaptable to change, transformational style and charisma, are significantly and positively related to organizational commitment. Comparison on mean values was done on gender, ethnic, highest education and universities on the factor of academic leadership. Theoretically, this paper contributes to the literature on academic leadership and organizational commitment. Practically, top management of public universities should consider trainings and courses on change, transformation and charisma that boost academic leadership of faculty members. In conclusion, this paper reveals the importance of change, transformation and charisma as factors of academic leadership in affecting organizational commitment of faculty members of public universities in Malaysia. Key Words: Academic Leadership, Organizational Commitment, Faculty Members, Public University.
Public Service Users Behavior, Service Satisfaction, and Citizens Attitudes toward Budgets Cuts
WEI-NING WU, CHIH-WEI WANG and YI-BIN CHANG
Pages: 57-67
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Although the citizens’ perceived satisfaction with public service is a cornerstone to public management, service users’ attitudes toward service budget in the public sector is poorly understood. The purpose of this study attempts to examine the effect of frequent usage of public services on citizens’ attitudes toward service budget by using confirmatory factor analysis. This study used the 2003 citizen survey of San Francisco and utilized the Muni transit system as a case. We found that citizens’ perceived service satisfaction is not directly related to their intention of supporting service budget, and the interaction between the frequency of service usage and perceived service satisfaction brings a positive influence on public service users’ attitudes toward selected budget. Key Words: Service Performance, Citizen Satisfaction, Budget Attitude, Public Service Consumer.
Destination Marketing to Promote Tea Tourism Socio-Economic Approach on Community Development
P.I.N. FERNANDO, K.W.S.N. KUMARI and R.M.P.D.K RAJAPAKSHA
Pages: 68-75
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Tourism, one of the fastest growing service economy sectors, has contributed directly as well indirectly for the socio-economic development of destinations around the globe. Novel paradigm of tea tourism has been identified as one niche Tourism segment enriched with potentiality to enhance the brand image and marketing of tea-producing destinations as contemporary tourists seek out authentic and unique experiences. “Ceylon Tea” and Tourism are inseparable words as tea growing areas are undoubtedly the most beautiful places as well attractive tourism destinations within in Sri Lanka This paper highlights the impact on community from Tea tourism as the objectives developed to identify the community participation in tea tourism and community opinions for future development. The study was strengthened through the triangulation of both quantitative and qualitative data which were obtained by means of the questionnaire survey and interviews, Judgemental sampling method and quantitative methods has been adopted to select sample. This study is conducted in local community around the tea tourism destinations who are benefited from tea tourism in Nuwara-Eliya and Badulla districts in Sri Lanka and sample consisted from 78 local community respondents. Study recommends to develop a proper information base with a strategic promotional plan, massive promotional campaign implementation through Sri Lankan ambassadors, Social media marketing to popularize brand “Ceylon Tea”, waste management system on sustainable tourism practice, special events and more leisure activities in tea tourism destinations and Home stay accommodation with collaboration of community. Key Words: Ceylon Tea, Community Development, Social Media Marketing, Tea, Tourism.
Qualitative Analysis to Behavioral Models of Previous Generations and its Differentiation due to the Successors Gender in the Process of Intergenerational Family Business Succession
BELGIN AYDINTAN and AYKUT GOKSEL
Pages: 76-92
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The study which is aimed to research the behavioral models of predecessor during the intergenerational succession process in family business was carried out through in-depth interviews with totally eight family businesses. The present study also suggests modeling two strategies of “the experimental simulation of succession strategy” on structural analysis of the succession process and transitivity between stages and job adaptation for successor and “the transformation strategy” on the process of quitting the business of predecessor. Key Words: Family Business, Succession Process, the Experimental Simulation of Succession Strategy, the Transformation Strategy.
Gender Leadership Styles in Enhancing Workforce Performance in Palestinian Public Institutions: The Role of Mediating Organizational Citizenship Behavior
RAED ALI MAHMOUD IRIQAT
Pages: 93-104
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This paper aims to investigate the role of mediating organizational citizenship behavior in impact of gender leadership styles on workforce performance in Palestinian public sector. Data was collected by distributing questionnaires on leaders in Palestinian public sector. Using Multi-group structural equation modeling (SEM), the paper finds several results; female transformational leadership style had a positively significant direct impact on with workforce performance, also male transformational leadership style has positively significant direct impact on organizational citizenship behavior in the Palestinian public institutions. Moreover, there is no direct impact of male transactional and Laisses-faire leadership styles on organizational citizenship behavior. In female leadership styles, results show that female transformational, transactional, and Laisses-faire leadership styles are positively significant direct impact on organizational citizenship behavior in the Palestinian public institutions. At the end, organizational citizenship behavior is not significant direct impact on workforce performance in the Palestinian public institutions for both male and female leaders. Key Words: Gender Leadership Styles, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Workforce Performance, Palestinian Public Institutions.