Year 2013 , Volume  2, Issue 2, Part 2
1Determining the Relation of Social Capital with the Development of Organizational Trust and Job Attachment (The Case of the Nurses of the Non-Governmental Medical ?Treatment Service Centers of Isfahan City)
Pages: 413-420
Details (870)
This study attempts to determine the relation of social capital with the development of organizational trust and job attachment among the nurses of the non-governmental medical-treatment service centers of Isfahan city. The study is a descriptive correlational research. The statistical population comprises all the nurses of the non-governmental medical treatment service centers of Isfahan city between the years 2009 ? 2010. 112 nurses were selected by employing cluster random sampling. For data analysis, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple correlations were adopted. For data collection, the study uses three questionnaires (Roder's organizational trust questionnaire, 2003; the researcher-made questionnaire of job attachment; and the researcher-made questionnaire of social capital) whose validities are measured respectively at 0.87, 0.89, and 0.91 in terms of the obtained content and according to Cronbach's alpha. Generally, the findings reveal that , the structural aspect alone accounts for 51 percent of the variance of organizational trust which is increased by the cognitive aspect up to 56 percent and goes up as far as 64 percent by considering the communicational aspect. Besides, the findings also reveal that the structural aspect alone accounts for 47 percent of the variance of job attachment which is increased by the cognitive aspect up to 54 percent and goes up to 58 percent by considering the communicational aspect. Key words: social capital, organizational trust, job attachment, medical-treatment service centers.
2Leisure Involvement, Leisure Benefits, Quality of Life, and Job Satisfaction. A Case Study on 2011 Creating Sports Island Plan in Chiayi City, Taiwan Held by Sports Affairs Council, Executive Yuan
Pages: 421-428
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Aiming at discussing the correlations among Leisure Involvement, Leisure Benefits, Quality of Life, and Job Satisfaction of Chiayi City, Taiwan, participating in Creating Sports Island Plan of Executive Yuan, the participants in the plan are selected as the research subjects for questionnaire survey. Total 650 questionnaires are distributed. Within the collected 595 copies, 24 invalid ones are deleted that total 571 valid questionnaires are retrieved, with the retrieval rate 87.8%. With Lisrel?s path analysis, the correlations among variables are discussed. The research outcomes are concluded as follows. 1. Leisure Involvement does not present direct effects on Job Satisfaction. 2. Leisure Involvement appears direct effects on Leisure Benefits. 3. Leisure Involvement shows direct effects on Quality of Life. 4. Leisure Benefits display direct effects on Quality of Life. 5. Leisure Benefits do not reveal direct effects on Job Satisfaction. 6. Quality of Life shows direct effects on Job Satisfaction. 7. Leisure Involvement would directly affect Job Satisfaction through Quality of Life. 8. Leisure Benefits would indirectly influence Job Satisfaction via Quality of Life. Key words: Leisure Involvement, Leisure Benefits, Quality of Life, Job Satisfaction.
3Measurement of Employees' Performance: A State Bank Application
Pages: 429-441
Details (920)
The purpose of this research is to measure the performance of the employees who work in the service facilities. With a survey, 500 qualified observations from the universe of 20 000 was conducted. Statistical analyses techniques were used. Salary, employee relationship, job satisfaction, promotion and title haven?t impact on employee performance. It has determined that institutional belonging and motivation have an impact on employee performance. According to this, one unit change in institutional belonging and motivation gives rise to 0.556 unit rise in employee performance. Budget hasn?t impact a statistically on employee performance. Administration has a statistically impact on employee performance. On the one hand, one unit change in administrative view gives rise to 0.140 unit rise in employee performance. Physical working environment has an impact on employee performance. On the other hand, one unit change in physical working environment gives rise to 0.158 unit fall in employee performance. This study is limited to one state bank under investigation; therefore further research needs to be extended to other private and state banks. Executives could use the results of the research to resolve practical dilemmas by giving priority to the areas of measuring performance of the employees who work in the service facilities. While the paper shows salary, employee relationship, job satisfaction, promotion and title haven?t impact on employee performance but institutional belonging and motivation have an impact on employee performance Keywords: Performance, Measurement of Performance, Service Management.
4Legal Development on Management of Strata Disputes in Peninsular Malaysia
Pages: 442-449
Details (1048)
Strata living bring people of diverse interests, different cultures, values, ages and backgrounds under one roof. With that background, it is usual to have differences and disputes. While many would generally believe that problems can be resolved by people involved talking about their problem and fulfilling their expected responsibilities, more often than not, more formal measures are needed. This paper highlights some approaches to improve the way strata disputes are resolved with reference to the newly approved Bill of Strata Management 2013. Under the Strata Titles Act 1985 and Building and Common Property (management and Maintenance) Act 2007, when issues cannot be resolved informally, the laws offer a number of mechanisms to resolve disputes, including reference to the High Court for serious matters. However, there are demands and suggestions for alternatives to the current options and the government has taken initiative to review the laws to include among others, tribunal for strata to resolve dispute in strata properties. This paper traces problems on strata properties management from case law, identifies the limitations in the current system, and highlights the proposed improvement in the new Bill. The result shows that Malaysia still lacks consultation to gather input from strata owners, tenants, strata council members, strata associations, other stakeholders and the general public. Though there are new initiatives introduced in the new law, it is doubtful whether the improvements suit the needs of those involved in strata properties. Key words: Strata, dispute resolution, Strata Management 2012 (Bill), Strata Titles Act 1985, Building and Common Property (Maintenance and Management) Act 2007.
5A Comparative Evaluation of Demographic Factors? and Entrepreneurial Traits Influence of Small Scale Enterprises Performance in Nigeria.
Pages: 450-456
Details (865)
The study admits that the small scale enterprises (SSEs) subsector offers more overwhelming attraction to the female gender due to the limited or negatively biased employment opportunities offered to the female gender by the formal sector in the typical African setting like Nigeria. It also affirms that the conventional disparity in the educational opportunities and other socio-political development variables confine the female gender to the informal subsector. However, the study found out that some archetypal traits more than demographic factors influence the performance of most small scale entrepreneurs. And that these archetypal traits are well distributed among Nigerians regardless of religions. Socio-cultural, geo-political background and even educational status. Furthermore it found out that though demographic factors also affect performance of SSEs, Using the exponential log, the most outstanding demographic factor that influence performance most was age 0.6606 2 1 x R followed by socio-economic status of the entrepreneur X4= 0.16317. Whereas competence t6 was the most favored trait with adjusted 0.5857 2 R followed by innovativeness 3 X and proactiveness X4 in that order. Keywords: Traits demographic factor, orientation entrepreneurship, innovativeness, diversification matrix.
6Stakeholders Perception of Cooperative Societies as a Micro-Credit Delivery Channel in the Nigerian Financial Sector Reform Era
Pages: 457-469
Details (1172)
Apologize The United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution 64/136 on December 21, 2009 declaring year 2012 as the International Year of Cooperatives. This is to showcase the contribution and impact of cooperative to the socio-economic well-being of the participants among other reasons (Oluyombo, 2012). The financial sector reform that led to the establishment of microfinance banks is expected to have effect on cooperative development in Nigeria. The study attempted to examine the perceptions of Cooperative leaders in the six states of South Western Nigeria in the era of financial sector reforms. The data collected though the questionnaires and interview were sorted edited and coded in a table. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) as well as t-test were used to test the hypothesis on the cross sectional perception of members and leaders of cooperative societies on its impact as a micro credit delivery channel in the six selected states of the south west Nigeria. The result of the Analysis of Variance on the differences in the impact of cooperative societies as a microfinance delivery channel across the six states of Nigeria revealed the F- calculated value of 2.32 whose probability close to zero percent suggest that there is a difference in the impact of cooperative society as a microfinance delivery channel across the state in Nigeria. The multiple comparison of the differences showed that the mean difference is significant at 0.5% between Lagos, Ekiti and Ondo State., also with Ekiti and Lagos and Oyo State. The same thing with Ondo,Lagos and Oyo State. Oyo has significant difference in the impact compared to Ekiti, Ondo and Osun State so also was the impact in Osun State significantly different to that of Oyo State. The mean perception in Ogun State is not significantly different from other selected States see Table 4. From the table of mean of mean perception score of respondents SSEs on the impact of cooperative societies as a microfinance delivery channels across six states in the South Western Nigeria, over 76.5% had mean perception score of 50 or more, indicating the majority of the respondents with high mean perception score in the study area. Keywords: Cooperative Societies, Micro credit Delivery, Nigeria, SMEs.
7On the Differential Market Reaction to Dividend Announcement: Evidence from Emerging Equity Market
Pages: 470-479
Details (1043)
In corporate finance literature for market reaction to dividend announcements reports mixed result, some of studies support the positive response of market as result of dividend announcement where as some report negative. This study is an attempt to investigate the heterogeneous market reaction dividend announcement for 73 firms listed in KSE. We investigated this phenomenon with novel methodology using both the event study and multivariate regression for the possible effects of firm specific factor associated with the dividend announcements. We report that the market reaction is one sided as majority of companies of the sample for given period are with positive CAR. We can't ignore the importance of firms specific factor that has effect on the dividends but we conclude that majority of companies of the sample period are portraying positive CAR and market reaction is positive. Key Words: Dividend Announcement, Cumulative Abnormal Returns, Firms Specific Factors, Market Reaction.
8Determination of Interaction Expectations of Consumer with Firm through Social Media: A Field Research with Kirikkale University Students
Pages: 480-487
Details (903)
This study is conducted to determine consumers? interaction expectations, behaviors and differences between them in social media. By this way important information is provided for the sake of understanding consumers? expectations from firms about this new communication channel. In this context, descriptive analyses were employed with obtained primary data which is gathered through a survey made with the students of Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences of Kirikkale University. Frequency, correlation and factor analyzes are conducted with gathered data and results are interpreted. According to the findings, it is seen that although college students interact with companies rarely, they have high level of interaction expectations. Suggestions were made at last. Key Words: Social media, interaction expectations, marketing.
9Gender, Marital Status and Job Satisfaction An Empirical Study
Pages: 488-498
Details (1754)
This study attempts to identify the level of job satisfaction of employees in Bangladesh and to test whether job satisfaction level differs among employees in terms of their gender and marital status. Data are collected from 224 respondents. It is found that Bangladeshi employees, irrespective of gender and marital status, are ?moderately satisfied?. No statistically significant evidence is observed indicating differences in job satisfaction level between ?male? and ?female? or between ?married? and ?unmarried?. Keywords: Gender, Marital Status, Job Satisfaction.